Winter skin care;Replenish moisture and keep skin hydrated

In winter, the weather is very dry, and the use of a hot air blower and heater makes the indoor environment drier due to rapid temperature change due to the temperature difference between the outside and the room, and centralized heating. For this reason, the skin becomes dry, which may exacerbate or induce dry skin, keratosis, flushing, and atopic dermatitis.

Skin dryness is common after middle-aged people, and keratin occurs mainly in the shin area of ​​the legs. In severe cases with itching, the skin cracks. In particular, exposure to hot springs or hot water for a long time, or prolonged exposure to high temperatures such as saunas and jjimjilbangs, may worsen it. It is recommended to use mild soap and lukewarm water when taking a bath, and it is helpful to reduce the time and frequency of bathing. Be sure to apply a moisturizer to maintain the skin's moisture and lipid balance.

Keratoderma is a condition in which dead skin cells on the heels, elbows, hands, and soles of the feet become thick, crack and bleed. It is recommended to apply an oily moisturizer from time to time and to use exfoliants and emollients regularly. In severe cases, it is helpful to remove the dead skin cells by soaking them in warm water and then applying a keratolytic agent to improve symptoms. If only the dead skin cells are physically removed, the formation of dead skin cells can be accelerated, so it is effective to use a drug or a moisturizer in parallel.

The flushing phenomenon When you suddenly enter a hot room from a cold place or after intense exercise, your face becomes red and hot easily, and it takes a long time to return to normal. It is a symptom that occurs mainly in menopausal women as the capillaries dilate. It also appears in cases of chronic dermatitis, injections, or abuse of skin ointments without a doctor's prescription. Avoid sudden changes in temperature, sauna, sun exposure, and alcohol. Vascular laser treatment, which selectively constricts or destroys blood vessels, helps relieve symptoms.

Atopic dermatitis is often worse or recurs in winter. In addition to environmental factors such as the weather, it is recommended to wear soft cotton products because the symptoms will worsen if you wear clothes made of fur or wool that cause irritation. In particular, it is preferable to use a humidifier because the room is dry due to heating. Since itching is the most basic symptom of atopic dermatitis, it is helpful to take antihistamines and antiallergic agents to relieve pruritus in order to break the vicious cycle of recurrence and exacerbation.

When prescribed by a dermatologist, there is no need to worry too much about the side effects of steroids. Rather, it is left unattended with exaggerated awareness of steroids, or treatment or folk remedies that have not proven scientific efficacy or ingredients at all will make the condition worse as a result of side effects. In addition, it is important to receive an appropriate diagnosis and prescription from a dermatologist because if the appropriate treatment time is missed, it can negatively affect the growth, social and mental development of children. Recently, local immunomodulators have been proven to be effective, and in most cases, significant improvement is seen after treatment, so continuous treatment is recommended.

The easiest and most effective way to manage and prevent winter skin is to drink warm water frequently. 70% of our body consists of water. Therefore, if you lack moisture, your lips will become dry and drier. Drinking warm water at this time helps. Sufficient water intake is a very important health habit, as it not only protects the health of the skin, but also facilitates the metabolism and removes wastes. Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day and eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables.

In order to improve dry skin, the most important thing to pay attention to is to meticulously moisturize. It is important to choose one that suits your skin well, and it is best to apply it immediately after washing while your skin is still moist.

Also, be sure to apply sunscreen when going out. Compared to summer, when UV exposure is high, it is easy to neglect UV protection in winter. Although the intensity of UV rays is weaker than in summer, it is said that it is helpful for healthy skin care to apply sunscreen all year round to prevent skin diseases and photoaging caused by continuous exposure to sunlight even in winter through various leisure activities.

It is also important to do good skin care layering when applying makeup. It is recommended to absorb enough light and thin formulations for 2-3 minutes each. Lightly before makeup, and intensive care before going to bed. It may also be helpful to use a mask pack to moisturize the skin.

It is best to wash your face with lukewarm water. In winter, because the skin is already very delicate, if you use too hot water, the elasticity may decrease and wrinkles may occur, and it may adversely affect the skin, such as redness. Excessive washing can also damage the skin's barrier and worsen skin dryness, so be careful.