Non-pharmacological prevention activities for hypertension in daily life

Hypertension is when systolic blood pressure is greater than 140mmgHg or relaxatory blood pressure is greater than 90mmHG. High blood pressure causes various complications throughout the body, including coronary artery disease, stroke and renal failure, and directly threatens patients' lives and health.

In general, however, high blood pressure is not symptomatic, so you may not know the need for treatment.

High blood pressure is not just a disease that increases blood pressure, but a syndrome that complicates various pathophysiology, which is at the base of cardiovascular disease in almost all adults.

- Non-drug preventive measures in daily life

If you're obese, try to lose weight.

Obese people are about five times more likely to have high blood pressure than ordinary people, and if obese people lose 10 percent of their weight, blood pressure can decrease to 5-20 mmHg.

- Steady exercise therapy

Exercise is recommended to be done regularly for about 30 minutes per three times a week, even if the weight does not decrease, the exercise itself can have the effect of lowering the systolic and relaxatory blood pressure.

When exercising, it is better to warm up enough before exercising and gradually increase the intensity of exercise.

- Before you start exercising, check your physical condition first.

If you have chronic diseases such as high blood pressure or hyperlipidemia, if you have a history of heart disease, or if you are overweight or obese, you should be prescribed proper exercise through consultation and consultation with your doctor.

- Low-salt diet

As a result of reducing salt intake among patients with mild hypertension, systolic blood pressure and relaxatory blood pressure are reported to have decreased.

Reducing salt intake alone can have some effect of lowering blood pressure.

- Potalium and calcium intake

Ingesting potassium and calcium helps lower blood pressure, but people with poor kidney function can have fatal side effects such as hyperkalemia, so you must consult your doctor to decide.

- Refrain from eating fat

Control and reduction of fat intake are helpful for the reduction of cardiovascular disease. In Korea, hyperlipidemia is more affected by genetic factors than by the intake of fatty foods, so it is important to maintain standard weight through exercise and controlling the amount of meals.