Know and manage back pain

Few people have ever had a backache in their lives. Some statistics show that 70 to 90 percent of all people experience back pain more than once in their lifetime. 

Back pain is not only common like this, but it often gets worse as you get older, so it is important to take good care of yourself when you are healthy.

- Causes and symptoms of back pain

The most common back pain is the occurrence of sleep-wake-up, bending-down, or excessive work.

A sprained back is usually highly likely to cause lumbar sprain, which improves by 40 to 50 percent within a week and improves by 90% within six weeks. Intervertebral disc dislocation, commonly referred to as back disc, is often accompanied by back pain and leg pain with a pulling or numb pattern because the escaped disc stimulates the spinal nerves that go to the leg. Spinal stenosis is also accompanied by back pain and leg pain, especially when you walk for a long time, your legs are pulled, and when you crouch down, you often complain of neurological disruption.

Often times, people think that the back does not hurt at all, only the legs are pulled or numb, and that there is a problem with the legs, which is likely to be caused by spinal disease.Back pain is a degenerative disease. Acute back pain is repeated, and the intervertebral disc escapism occurs, and the degenerative change of the spine gradually progresses to spinal tube stenosis.

In addition to the above-mentioned cases, back pain can occur due to post-spinal joint syndrome and degenerative disk disease, which can also be understood as a degenerative change caused by wear and tear of the waist.

- Diagnosis and treatment of back pain

Acute back pain often recovers naturally without special treatment. Therefore, acute back pain does not necessarily require treatment or examination of CT or MRI. However, if back pain persists for more than a month, or if it continues to be repeated and chronic, it may be a case of structural problems in your back or you need professional treatment. In the case of acute back pain, taking anti-inflammatory painkillers or physical therapy can help reduce pain. Lumbar aids, such as abdominal support, are not recommended because there is insufficient evidence to help recover and prolonged wear is not recommended.

There are cases where you just lie down to rest when you have pain, but recently, it is recommended that you do not lie down and live your daily life to the extent that you can. As I said before, back pain is a disease that is worn out over a long period of time. That's why it's most important to try not to damage your back anymore.

Because bending your back can cause damage to the disc, you should avoid squatting down or bending down and working long hours or lifting heavy things, and keep your back straight.

Also, avoiding living on the floor and living in a chair helps maintain the right posture. If you have to sit down for a long time and work, you should get up in the middle and walk lightly, or move your back to give your back a break. Adequate exercise can also help improve chronic back pain and prevent recurrence.

Back pain is often not treated urgently in most cases. However, if you have trouble urinating, if your hip is slow, or if your leg is clearly weak, you should get treatment quickly because you may have severe spinal nerve damage.

Also, if you have a history of fever, weight loss, cancer or osteoporosis, or pain that lasts more than a month or does not improve even if you stay still, you should be treated because of the possibility of cancer, infection, or fractures.