Varicose veins that get worse in summer

 When we see people who are reluctant to wear skirts or shorts because of their particularly convex calves in the summer, they are burdened by people's gaze. This is what we call varicose veins in the lower extremities.

 Varicose veins is a phenomenon in which the saphenous veins of the lower extremities and their branch blood vessels are abnormally enlarged, extended, or twisted and appear protruding out of the skin.

a. cause of invention

There are two major types of veins in the human leg: deep arrhythmias and superficial veins. In the arterial veins, there is a valve tissue called venous valves that allows blood to flow consistently toward the heart. Varicose veins have to transport blood in the opposite direction of gravity, and for this, the muscles of the lower extremities work like a pump through contraction to help blood circulation. 

As the age increases, the elasticity of the veins decreases and expands, and the valves become weaker, resulting in backflow of blood. As a result, as the pressure inside the vein rises, the vein expands, causing varicose veins. 

b. Symptom

Varicose veins can cause a variety of symptoms along with unsightly problems. The most common serious injuries for people who stand all day at work are edema and numbness in the legs. The symptoms are leg pain and leg heat due to poor blood circulation. Especially for women, when they stand in high shoes, they feel a stabbing feeling and cramp-like pain at night.

c. risk factors

It occurs more often in people over 40-50. As the age increases, the valves in veins become weaker and their elasticity decreases and expands, leading to malfunction of the valves.

Varicose veins occur more frequently in women than in men, as in the case of jobs in which long shoes are worn. There is also a chance that it is hereditary If you have varicose veins in your family, there is a high probability of about 20-50%. As the body temperature rises due to the hot summer heat, the veins of our body expand and the viscosity of the blood tends to rise.

d. treatment in life

As a self-treatment method in daily life, you should exercise or lose weight if you are overweight. In addition, if you are not wearing tight clothes and your legs are raised or if you stand for a long time, you should take a break from time to time. When you return from going out in the hot summer, you need to wash your legs with cold water to prevent vasodilation.

Since varicose veins is a vascular disease in the vegetable-based diet, a meat-based diet puts a great burden on blood flow when fat accumulates in the blood vessel wall. Jogging and swimming can help build leg muscles. It is also good to reduce pressure by keeping your legs higher than your heart when lying down.

In hospitals, compression therapy, hardening agent injection, and surgical treatment are performed depending on the severity, but there is a possibility of recurrence even after treatment, so a healthy diet is important for prevention in daily life. For example, a healthy diet centered on vegetables rather than meat, tomatoes are good for the body as they are the teenage food, but also contain cholesterol-decomposing ingredients.

Vegetables and nuts rich in vitamins are also good. In the hot summer days like these days, it is also helpful to lower the temperature of the legs by washing them with cold water when going out.