Prevention of dyslipidemia

In developed countries, death due to atherosclerosis, such as coronary artery disease, is known to account for 20-30% of all deaths, and it is also increasing in Korea.

Regarding arteriosclerosis, it was reported recently that a British medical magazine analyzed the data of 15,000 patients with arteriosclerosis and 15,000 normal people from 52 countries.

According to the report, as a result of analyzing the data, it was possible to identify six risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis, and the most important of the harmful factors was dyslipidemia.

Dyslipidemia, also called hyperlipidemia, means an increase in the concentration of bad cholesterol or a decrease in the concentration of good cholesterol (HDL) in the blood.

High bad cholesterol does not cause a problem right away, but if left unattended, it can lead to atherosclerosis, which builds up on the walls of the body's large blood vessels and blocks them, and in severe cases can lead to myocardial infarction or stroke, leading to death.

Most of all, although symptoms do not appear significantly, many patients with dyslipidemia actually have cardiovascular-related comorbidities.

◇ Let's save life through lifestyle changes such as diet control

Experts say, "The general public is aware of the risk of high blood pressure, but the risk of dyslipidemia is still not well understood."

In the case of hypertension, symptoms appear in about 30% of patients, whereas dyslipidemia is mostly asymptomatic, so the general public is not easily aware of the risk of dyslipidemia.

The problem is that ischemic heart disease such as angina pectoris or myocardial infarction caused by dyslipidemia and other causes is increasing.

In response, experts said, “More publicity on dyslipidemia is needed.” “More attention and active management of dyslipidemia is needed because most patients in the low-risk group of dyslipidemia can benefit from lifestyle changes. ” emphasizes.

For proper diet, avoid foods high in cholesterol, such as egg yolks, ribs, and shrimp, and foods high in saturated fatty acids, such as beef fat (beef ribs, beef tail) and pork fat (pork ribs, pork belly).

In addition, it is recommended to do aerobic exercise such as walking, running, and swimming, and experts advise that if it is difficult to measure the heart rate, it is better to do it enough to get wet with sweat.