It is important to maintain normal blood pressure



 Blood pressure is the most important indicator of health level. High or low, it's a mask.That's why it's important to stay on track..


First, high blood pressure. One in three people in Korea die of stroke and heart disease. High blood pressure is considered the biggest risk factor of death.Moreover, 80 percent of stroke is caused by high blood pressure, and with high blood pressure, heart disease such as coronary artery disease occurs six times more common.And yet many people don't know what their normal blood pressure is..



Blood pressure levels that we must remember for health care are 140/90 mmHg or higher, classified as hypertension patients, and need treatment..The average blood pressure of a healthy adult is about 120/80mmHg.



Treatment begins with a clear distinction between good and bad blood pressure.Lee Jong-gu, head of the cardiology department in Cheongdam-dong, Seoul, said, "The most important thing to keep in mind is smoking and salty food. However, salty food does not need to be obsessively bland at the expense of one's taste.".


For those with high blood pressure, the most important thing to do is exercise. Exercise for 30 minutes a day, more than four times a week..Slow exercise such as light jogging, hiking, and swimming is good. Eating a lot of fruits and vegetables is also helpful for blood pressure management..


If this lifestyle doesn't improve, you should take medication that lowers your blood pressure.Most of the high blood pressure medications prescribed recently do not cause special side effects even if taken for a long time..


Low blood pressure is actually much less dangerous than high blood pressure. There is nothing wrong with "intrinsic" low blood pressure, which is only slightly lower than normal blood pressure without any special symptoms.On the contrary, many scholars argue that low blood pressure can help longevity due to less damage to the intravascular wall..


The problem is that the blood pressure drops significantly in a short period of time.Standing hypotension is a typical example of a sudden drop in blood pressure while sitting or lying down, causing dizziness or fainting in severe cases..


This case is suspected to be caused by other diseases, so the exact cause must be found and treated.Of course, it's not standing hypotension that makes you dizzy for a moment when a normal person wakes up.It's just the result of the temporary drop in blood pressure due to the nervous system's inability to adapt.In addition, standing hypotension in older people is one of the aging phenomena that occurs due to decreased heart output and decreased elasticity of blood vessels.


The causes of rapid hypotension vary..It can also occur when bleeding heavily and dehydrated by continuing diarrhea without food intake, heart attacks due to myocardial infarction, abnormalities in the sympathetic nerves of the autonomic nervous system that control blood pressure contraction, and a lack of aldosterone, a hormone that keeps salts constant in the body.


Treatment uses a boost agent that increases blood pressure while eliminating the cause. Usually, blood pressure is normalized when treating the cause disease.Another thing to know about blood pressure is that blood pressure levels can change depending on the time, method and surrounding environment. Therefore, one or two measurements should not hastily assume that it is high blood pressure or low blood pressure..


When measuring blood pressure, it is recommended to rest in a stable state of mind for about 10 minutes and then repeat it twice because when you are nervous or excited, your blood pressure rises..


It is also important to note that blood pressure is different during the day and night..When it is necessary to measure blood pressure accurately, it is recommended to measure it 3 to 4 times a day at regular intervals..