Irritable Bowel Syndrome Causes, Symptoms and Treatment



Smith, an office worker in his 40s, suffers from abdominal pain and indigestion when he pays little attention or drinks, and diarrhea and constipation are repeated. On severe days, I go to the bathroom three to four times on my way to work, but I can't go to the toilet easily.
 

Many people with stress or irregular eating habits have irritable bowel syndrome. The disease is common enough to cause 7 to 15% of the total population to suffer from it.
 
Complaining of symptoms for more than three months without any abnormalities found in blood tests, radiation, or endoscopy is called a functional gastrointestinal disease in a broad sense.
 
Typical functional gastrointestinal diseases include gastrointestinal reflux disease, dyspepsia, and irritable bowel syndrome. These functional gastrointestinal disorders often complain of accompanying symptoms. Find out about irritable bowel syndrome.
 

■ Cause


30% of dyspepsia is irritable bowel syndrome. It is a disease caused by dysfunction of the digestive system and shows chronic changes in abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, and bowel habit without abnormal findings in colonoscopy or colon X-ray tests. Even after defecation, I feel uncomfortable due to persistence.
 
It is not a life-threatening disease, but it is painful and sometimes severely disruptive to social activities. It is mostly stressful for test takers or office workers in their 20s and 40s living in the city, and women are about four times more than men.
 
Causes are infection, alcohol consumption, irregular meals, lifestyle changes, abnormal bowel movement caused by stress, and bowel sensations.
 

■ Symptoms


In general, the lower left abdomen hurts immediately after a meal or before a bowel movement, but improves after a bowel movement. I also feel bloated and indigestible. As a result, gas burps frequently and farts smell bad.
 
Diarrhea and constipation are repeated, and suddenly you want to go to the bathroom. When you touch your stomach, you can feel something like a hard lump as the feces become thinner or mucous.
 
When most patients suffer from depression and anxiety, it is accompanied by mental problems such as stress and personality sensitivity. About half of the patients start before the age of 35 and are twice as frequent in women as in men.
 
This can be inferred to be because women have more timid and caring body parts than men. There is also a difference between men and women in terms of symptoms, but diarrhea, dilute bowel movements, and constipation and abdominal pain are prominent in men.
 

■ Type


Irritable bowel syndrome is divided into three categories.
 
The first is an intermittent type of diarrhea without abdominal pain, which is rare. Many people have had appendectomy or other abdominal surgery before.
 
The second is a type of stomachache and constipation that is squeezing or stabbing.
 
The third one is constipation and diarrhea, which alternates with abdominal pain, and the bowels are thin and loose. One stomach, especially the lower left, hurts, but it can hurt everywhere. If you touch it when you have a stomachache, you can feel something hard in the shape of a sausage.
 

■ Treatment


Irritable bowel syndrome is difficult to treat because the cause and mechanism of occurrence are not clear. In addition, treatment that works well for some patients often does not work for others.
 
So far, no medicine has worked for all patients. Treatment therefore relies on symptomatic therapy that relieves symptoms and is divided into psychotherapy, diet and medication.
 

◆ If symptoms are mild.

 
◇Psychological treatment ◇ It is effective for general treatment, including changes in lifestyle, such as education, confidence, moderate exercise, and proper bowel movements. The best treatment is to avoid stress and take psychological stability because it is a neurological disease.
 
◇ Dietary therapy ◇ Eat foods that contain a lot of fiber. Dietary fiber is particularly effective in patients with constipation as it delays gastric and small intestine passage times, shortens colon passage times, and increases feces by increasing combination with daplexic acid.
 
Jujube and ginger are recommended as good foods to treat irritable bowel syndrome. In particular, jujubes contain flavonoids and minerals that reduce intestinal toxicity, which help prevent gas generation.
 
Avoid foods or actions that increase the air in the colon, such as high calorie, soda, smoking, chewing gum, and fast meals.
 
◆ If symptoms are severe
 
It generally complains of persistent and severe pain and depression.
 
Antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs are administered for mental treatment, and intestinal cleaning is helpful to remove the urine stuck in the colon wrinkles to remove stinking farts. However, if carried out incorrectly, it can lead to colitis and must be consulted with a doctor.
 
Other drugs acting on the intestines are temporarily and appropriately used depending on changes in bowel habits, the degree of predicted abdominal pain, and abdominal bloating. Drugs include anticonvulsants, intestinal exercise promoters, and constipation medications.