Hyperthyroidism symptoms and treatment methods



 Symptoms of hyperthyroidism It is known that it is easy to confuse with menopause, but if I am getting very hot these days, I would like you to self-diagnose if it is a symptom of hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism refers to a disease in which a large amount of thyroid hormone is produced due to heredity or various causes. A small amount is a problem, but a lot can be a problem.
 

Because the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are so diverse, it is often confused with other diseases. For example, when diarrhea occurs, it is thought to be enteritis, and when weight is lost and the amount eaten increases, it is thought to be diabetes. In addition, if you sweat a lot and feel hot, you may be mistaken for menopause.
 Symptoms of hyperthyroidism are known to worsen in summer. Your heart may beat faster, you may feel very tired, and you may experience sweating. In addition, you may lose weight despite increased appetite, eating well, and shortness of breath even with a little exercise.
 Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include trembling hands and feet, and chest palpitations. It is not easy to go up and down stairs because the nerves are sensitive, so it is easy to get excited, the muscles are weak, and the legs are paralyzed.
 Symptoms of hyperthyroidism The thyroid gland is enlarged, there are symptoms of protruding eyeballs, and menstrual flow may decrease or stop. Also, symptoms of onycholysis, in which the hair falls out easily and the nails spread well, may appear, and the frequency of stool increases and in severe cases diarrhea may persist.

- How to diagnose and treat?

 Diagnosis can be made by measuring the level of thyroid hormone in the blood through a blood test. In patients with hyperthyroidism, the concentration of thyroid hormone (T4 or T3) in the blood is higher than normal.
 Treatment is to suppress the production of thyroid hormones. Drug treatment using antithyroid drugs is often performed, but the disadvantage is that the recurrence rate is high when antithyroid drugs are stopped. Antithyroid drugs are mostly safe drugs without side effects, but in rare cases may be accompanied by agranulocytosis, vasculitis, and hepatic dysfunction. In addition to drug treatment, surgical therapy to remove the thyroid gland or radioactive isotope therapy to destroy the thyroid gland using an isotope (radioiodine therapy) is used. However, in the case of radioactive isotope therapy, hypothyroidism may occur in the future, and it should never be taken during pregnancy or lactation.

- good food for hypothyroidism

 For hyperthyroidism, high-calorie foods and foods, calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D supplementation are essential, and protein and carbohydrate intake should be adequate. However, you should refrain from consuming seaweeds, alcohol, green tea, cola, and spices, which are rich in odour. However, in the case of hypothyroidism, you should eat foods high in iodine, and eating oysters, shrimp, mushrooms, and crabs may help.
 Hyperthyroidism is known to occur most often in women in their 20s to 50s. Although the cause of hyperthyroidism is still unknown, it is considered to be a type of autoimmune disease. And when hyperthyroid patients smoke, ophthalmologic conditions such as exophthalmos can be exacerbated. So, if you have a family history of thyroid related, you should always be careful.