Gout causes, symptoms and management



 Gout is a disease in which the joints suddenly swell and become very painful. Gout is caused by uric acid, which is made from a substance called purine that is released when cells in the body die and is excreted in the urine through the kidneys.



Gout patients have too much uric acid in their blood, so they are encased in crystals in joints and various tissues, and the accumulated uric acid crystals cause inflammation in the synovial membrane that surrounds the joints.


- Causes

Gout is caused by uric acid, and there are two causes of elevated uric acid levels.  The first is when uric acid production in the body is normal but the kidneys do not get enough uric acid, and the second is when our body makes too much uric acid. Occasionally, gout occurs due to yangje or genetic causes, obesity, drinking, and food are also the main causes of Dongfung.


- Early symptoms of

gout If you look at the early symptoms of gout, the symptoms of a burning sensation and muscle stiffness appear. As a result, the epidermal layer of the affected area may be peeled off. The symptoms of gout usually occur in the big toe, but it is not necessarily just the big toe. It can appear in the ankles and can also appear in the knees.


Gout is known to occur more often in men, but these days it is also more common in women.


Early symptoms of gout It is known that people complain of severe joint pain enough to wake up, and severe pain and redness in the joint of the big toe are called gout attacks. It mostly occurs in the morning.


At the initial symptoms of gout, if left untreated and left as it is, it can become chronic, and hard lumps around the joint may form and bend. In more severe cases, it can even affect the intestines and cause kidney stones.


- lifestyle and diet


a. Beware

of eating foods high in purines and excessive protein Uric acid, the cause of gout, is synthesized in the body or from purines in food. Therefore, it is necessary to limit the intake of foods high in purines to reduce blood uric acid levels.


b. Maintaining a normal weight

Weight loss is aimed at about 1-2 kg per month, and obesity can cause gout, so eat an appropriate amount to maintain a normal weight. Rapid weight loss makes it difficult to excrete uric acid by making an excess of acidic substances (lactic acid and ketones) in the blood.


c. Restriction of alcohol (alcohol) intake

 Alcohol intake increases the production of uric acid in the blood and accumulates lactic acid in the body, making it difficult to excrete uric acid. In particular, beer has a high purine content, so it is necessary to refrain from drinking alcohol.


d. Limit excessive fat intake Be

 careful as excess fat reduces the excretion of uric acid. In particular, it is good to avoid foods such as tempura, dressing, Chinese food, cream, chocolate, butter, cream bread, and cakes.


e. Drink enough water and vegetables

 to help excretion of uric acid in the urine and to minimize the formation of kidney stones, 3L (10 cups or more) per day. Enough fiber, folic acid, and vitamin C in vegetables prevent uric acid from accumulating in the blood, so you should consume enough.