Geriatric disease prevention and diet food "black bean"

 Black beans are in the spotlight as a healthy food. As rumors spread that it is good for preventing adult diseases and dieting, processed foods such as black bean milk and black bean noodles are being developed one after another. It was known early on that soybeans are healthy. However, attention was initially focused on high protein content. Soybeans were a great alternative in the days when meat was scarce and protein was scarce.

Recently, however, the effectiveness of soybeans as a healthy food has been shed new light on the effectiveness of various trace ingredients in soybeans. Seo Moktae, which is called Juneuni bean, is drawing the most attention recently. It is smaller and glossy than Seo Ri-tae, who makes rice with black beans or makes soy sauce. Pharmacists have long been known as medicinal beans and have been known as antidote. Donguibogam also describes that taking Gamdutang, which is made by mixing rat-eyed beans with licorice, detoxifies all poisons, and that boiling black beans with salt is good for boshin.

- Black beans prevent aging

According to the measurement of the effect (antioxidant effect) of removing free radicals in the human body, which causes aging, the antioxidant activity is higher in the order of chestnut beans, frosting and seomoktae than white beans. The darker the color, the higher the antioxidant effect. This is evidence that the anthocyanin pigment in the black bean shell plays a role in preventing aging. However, food-related scholars advise, "If non-antocyanate ingredients are not concentrated at high concentrations and are consumed as regular foods, they must be taken for a long time."

- Beans are better for women

Soybeans contain a large amount of isoflavone, which has the same effect as estrogen, a female hormone. Middle-aged women are known to feel less initial symptoms when menopause begins, such as facial redness, lowers cholesterol and prevents heart disease, which is beneficial to their health in the long term. This effect can usually be expected from 60 to 90 milligrams of isoflavone daily. If you want to eat this much, you can eat half a cup of dry beans and one cup of raw beans. Isoflavone is high in soft tofu among processed soy foods. Soy sauce or soy oil does not contain isoflavone.

- Prevent cancer

Xenistin in soy protein prevents various adult diseases, including cancer. Zenithin is one of the most powerful cancer-preventing substances of more than 4,000 isoflavones. In an experiment on white mice, Inje University's Food Science Institute found that genistin inhibits abnormal cells exposed to carcinogens from progressing into malignant tumor cells. The cancer development process is divided into the "initiation stage" in which intracellular genes are damaged and the "promoting stage" in which cell division is accelerated, among which genistin inhibits the promotion stage. Zenistin is also known to play a role in increasing bone density. Soybeans are also known to contain five types of cancerous substances, including saponin, which is a representative ingredient of ginseng, and pythosterol. Especially, black bean shells contain anti-cancer substances called glycitane, which are not found in yellow bean shells, so it is recommended to take them from the shell.

- Prevent heart artery disease

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved in 1999 that processed foods containing soy protein could be put on a "health-highlighted mark" to prevent heart artery disease in an unusual manner. This is because the effects of soybeans such as lowering cholesterol have been clearly proven. The DuPont Soybean Protein Research Institute in the U.S. fed 25g of soy protein (one tofu, four packs of soy milk) a day to patients with heart artery disease for eight to nine weeks, and found that LDL, a bad cholesterol, decreased by 12.9%. This is because isoflavone in soy lowers blood pressure and cholesterol levels and inhibits arteriosclerosis. People who regularly eat soy protein instead of animal protein are known to have an average of 9% lower cholesterol.

- Smart food

Brain development is activated by DHA, which is known as the ideal food for DHA synthesis. Continuous consumption of soybeans provides essential fatty acids for cerebral development. Lecithin, a phospholipid in soybeans, is a cell membrane component of the cerebrum and is believed to have the effect of preventing senile dementia.

- It eliminates constipation and prevents diabetes.

Oligosaccharides in soybeans play a role in helping Bifidus, a good bacteria in the intestines, grow well. When Bifidus bacillus is activated, it promotes bowel movement and eliminates constipation. It also prevents colon cancer by suppressing carcinogen production. Clicin and alginine, a type of protein in soy, are known to be good for diabetes prevention by lowering insulin in the blood and inhibiting rapid increases in blood sugar levels.

- Eating well is good for your health.

Soy is a healthy food, but it's good to eat enough beans while eating different foods. Beans do not contain vitamins A and C and lack methionine, one of the essential amino acids. Raw beans have many inhibitors to trypsin that reduce protein degradation, so they are not digested well if eaten on their own. To increase consumption of beans, grind dry beans to make bean powder. It is appropriate to drink two spoons of water before and after a meal. It is also good to eat rice with beans or drink a lot of soy milk. Some argue that pickled beans are more effective than regular beans, but there is no scientific basis.