7 ways to prevent glaucoma at home

 Glaucoma is one of the three major blindness diseases, along with macular degeneration and glaucoma. Patients are also increasing at an alarming rate. Many people should avoid lifestyle habits that can worsen glaucoma symptoms in advance, but not many people are aware of them.

- Let's find out 7 tips for preventing glaucoma for eye health.

Glaucoma is the biggest risk factor for the increase in eye pressure, or "eye pressure," that is, the pressure to maintain the shape of the eye. Waterproofing, which is mainly a liquid in the eye, is not properly released, which increases the pressure in the eye and damages vision by pressing the optic nerve. In the end, it is most important to be careful not to increase eye pressure.

a. aerobic exercise   

 Aerobic exercise is effective in lowering eye pressure. Glaucoma patients who exercised for 30 minutes daily for a month had an effect of lowering their eye pressure by 3mmHg compared to patients who did not. However, some exercise should be more careful. Among them, the pressure in the eyes also rises when lifting heavy weights or doing sit-ups, such as bending down and touching the ground.

b. Reducing alcohol and tobacco can prevent glaucoma

  Some studies show that smoking one cigarette increases the eye pressure to 5mmHg and increases the risk of glaucoma by up to 11 times. Alcohol is also said to be a factor that increases intraocular pressure, which usually causes hormonal problems or inhibits waterproofing. 

c. Do not drink more than 5 cups of coffee a day

  Studies show that caffeine also increases intraocular pressure. One cup of coffee increased the intraocular pressure by 1~2mmHg for about 2 hours, and drinking more than 5 cups of coffee a day increases the risk of glaucoma by 1.6 times.

d. It is better to sleep on a pillow, and be careful of the position of your eyes when sleeping sideways.

  Another thing to watch out for is the "sleep position." If you sleep on a pillow rather than put your head on a flat surface, the inner pressure is 1.5 to 3 mmHg lower. When sleeping on your side, make sure that glaucoma-stricken eyes do not face the floor. Glaucoma damage in the lower eye is said to be more severe in 66 to 72 percent of people who sleep on their side.

e. Do not play wind instruments for a long time

  If you blow wind instruments, your eye pressure rises. In particular, the higher the risk is for those who play high-resistance wind instruments such as oboe, bassoon, French horn, and trumpet, and those who play longer hours.

f. Do not wear too tight goggles

  Hydroglyphics, which are used for water level, also increases the intraocular pressure. Studies show that wearing hydroponic glasses increases eye pressure by 4.5 to 11.8 mmHg. It is said that it is more important to wear it according to the size of the swimmer's face than to use a small swimming goggles.

g. Watch out for tightening ties.

  It is also important to wear a tie a little loose. Some studies show that tightening the tie increases the inner pressure by 1.6mmHg after three minutes.  However, it is not easy to prevent glaucoma completely on the patient's own. If possible, it should be remembered that regular checkups through professional eye visits are more important than self-diagnosis.