'3 diseases' caused by stones in the body



 You may have heard the term 'stone stone'. A stone is a small, hard stone that forms inside the body, and the body lacks water and waste products such as uric acid aggregate and harden. Stones can occur anywhere in the body, and when the stones block an organ or other organ, they lose function and cause health problems. Find out the most common diseases caused by stones.

 




otolithiasis

Osteolithiasis is a disease in which stones form in the three semicircles of the ear. Otoliths (stones) that should be in the semicircular canal occur out of place. Sevangori recognizes the sense of rotation and balance, and if there is a stone here, the nerve in the ear is stimulated and severe dizziness occurs. As the stone moves when you turn your head, dizziness worsens and symptoms such as vomiting, palpitations, and cold sweat appear. Osteolithiasis usually heals naturally within 2 weeks to a month as the stones return to their original places. However, if the dizziness is severe and it is difficult to carry out daily life, it can be treated through physical therapy such as otolith replacement surgery or otolith hysteresis. The 'Efley Therapy' is a representative method, in which the otolith is placed back in place by moving the head while lying down.

 

cataract

There is also 'tartarism', in which stones form in the salivary glands. Food debris and calcium and bacteria remaining in the mouth aggregate to form stones. Tartarosis usually occurs in the salivary glands under the molars. Older people with dry mouth or those who enjoy eating foods rich in calcium, such as milk, are more likely to get sick. If you have calculus, pain is felt every time saliva comes out and swelling under the chin. If stones completely block the salivary glands, they can become infected with bacteria and become inflamed. In severe cases, the inflammation spreads, and the imagining of eating causes pain in the jaw. If the salivary glands are not completely blocked, the stones can be removed relatively easily. If you chew gum or eat sour food to intentionally increase salivation, the stones will be pushed out. If the stone is large, an endoscope must be inserted directly into the salivary gland to remove it.

 

cholelithiasis

Gallstones are stones in the bile ducts and gallbladder. Gallstones are formed by the accumulation of bile, a digestive enzyme that breaks down fat, and hardens like stones. The number of patients with cholelithiasis in Korea is on the rise, from 127,086 in 2012 to 153,844 last year, an increase of 21% in four years. Gallstones block the gallbladder and bile ducts that secrete bile, causing pain. Digestive enzymes are not properly secreted, leading to poor digestion and symptoms such as high fever and jaundice. It is known that eating habits such as high-calorie and high-fat diets, obesity, excessive diet, and hormonal imbalance have an effect. It is usually mistaken for simple abdominal pain and is easy to neglect, but if it gets worse, it can lead to cholecystitis or sepsis, so be careful. If the size of the gallstone is smaller than 5 mm, a bile acid solubilizer can be administered to dissolve the gallstone. If the size is large, gallstones are removed through an endoscope or cholecystectomy is performed to remove the entire gallbladder. To prevent cholelithiasis, it is recommended to eat less high-fat foods such as cholesterol and maintain a normal weight.